MODERN WESTERN WOODWIND INSTRUMENTS
There are two main types of woodwind instruments: flutes and reed instruments.All woodwinds produce sound by splitting an exhaled air stream on a sharp edge, such as a reed or a fipple.
A woodwind may be made of any material, not just wood. Common examples include brass, silver, and cane, as well as other metals including gold and platinum.
Flutes produce sound by directing a focused stream of air below the edge of a hole in a cylindrical tube.The flute family can be divided into two sub-families: open flutes and closed flutes.
Reed instruments produce sound by focusing air into a mouthpiece which then causes a reed to vibrate.Similar to flutes, Reed pipes are also further divided into two types: single reed and double reed.
woodwinds produce sound by placing a reed onto the opening of a mouthpiece
|single reed mouthpiece||B♭ clarinet (left) and an A clarinet(without mouthpiece)||A saxophone|
instruments use two precisely cut, small pieces of cane bound together at the base.
|double reed mouthpiece||An oboe||A bassoon|
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